Is Parmesan Cheese Halal or Haram In Islam?

A common sort of cheese that is used in many different cuisines and recipes all around the world is parmesan cheese.

The issue of whether this cheese is halal or haram is significant for Muslims.

Islam’s dietary restrictions are based on the principles of halal and haram, which specify what is appropriate and inappropriate for Muslims to eat.

The problem arises when bovine rennet, an enzyme obtained from the stomach lining of newborn calves, is used to make Parmesan cheese.

Islamic dietary regulations forbid the use of animal rennet, hence the halal status of Parmesan cheese is still up for discussion and interpretation among academics and Islamic groups.

We will help you with this article and look at several viewpoints on this subject and give an outline of the grounds for and against parmesan cheese use in Islam, as well is it halal or haram.

What Is Parmesan Cheese?

Italians created the granular, hard cheese known as parmesan. It has a characteristic salty and nutty flavor and a hard, brittle texture, and is commonly prepared from cow’s milk.

Grated and frequently used as a garnish for salads, pasta dishes, and other cuisines, parmesan cheese is typically aged for at least 12 months.

Rennet is a special enzyme that is added to milk during the process of making Parmesan cheese, causing the milk to coagulate and form curds.

The cheese is then kept for a while to develop its flavor and texture after the curds have been sliced, boiled, and pressed into molds.

The excellent nutritional value of parmesan cheese, which includes its calcium and protein content, makes it a popular food choice.

Parmesan Cheese: Halal or Haram

Depending on the ingredients it is comprised of, parmesan cheese can either be halal or haram. Typically speaking, both plants and animals are utilized to manufacture this cheese.

Parmesan cheese must be prepared using the conventional components, procedures, and processes for creating cheese in order to be explicitly designated as Parmesan.

The use of rennet is one such conventional procedure. Since rennet splits the milk into whey and curds, preparing the dairy for age, it is a necessary component in the production of Parmesan.

It is acceptable to assume that anything might not be halal if rennet is listed as an ingredient. With this particular cheese, the rennet is derived from the cow.

Some cheeses feature pork-containing byproducts from animal feed and animal rennet.

More precisely, the fourth stomach lining of unweaned calves that are killed for veal production is where the rennet for Parmesan comes from.

Some rennet also comes from young goats or lambs. In most cases, enzymes from microorganisms or plants are used to make halal cheese.

Although most vegetarians are okay with dairy, vegetarians who frequently eat cheese as part of a mixed diet do not eat Parmesan.

They avoid Parmesan’s conventional manufacture, which uses rennet from calves intended for veal slaughter, due to the inhumane practice of veal production.

Nonetheless, while producing or maturing their cheeses, a number of hard vegetarian Parmesan varieties do not need animal rennet. To determine whether a food is vegetarian, look for a (V) or (v) on the package.

If it is, it usually indicates that it is also halal. If parmesan cheese is made from milk derived from an animal that is acceptable to consume in accordance with Islamic principles and it has been produced using rennet derived from an animal that was slaughtered in accordance with Islamic law, without any impurities added, then it can be consumed guilt-free.

According to scholarly opinion, it is forbidden to eat cheese made from the milk of an animal that people are not allowed to eat. Simply put, if it’s not halal, neither is the cheese.

It is not advisable to eat Parmesan cheese that was produced with non-halal rennet, such as pig rennet.

What Is Halal Cheese?

Cheese that has been made using components that adhere to Islamic dietary regulations is known as halal cheese.

One particular component employed in the manufacturing of cheese has the potential to render it non-halal, also known as haram, which means prohibited. Rennet, a component, is mostly derived from animals.

It’s possible that the species of animal used and how it was killed were not disclosed, in which case the cheese and rennet might both be considered forbidden foods.

As they don’t include any ingredients from animal slaughter, practically all vegetarian cheeses are halal, and there are industrial brands of cheese that have received this certification.

An enzyme called rennet is necessary for the majority of cheese-making procedures. While it also exists in other species, it is mostly obtained from the stomachs of adolescent cows.

The issue with using rennet to make halal cheese is that the source of the enzyme could not be known.

It’s possible that the animal wasn’t killed according to halal principles by a Muslim and that the source of the rennet wasn’t even a cow.

As a result, the cheese would be considered haram if the component was used to separate the curds from the whey in the milk.

Whether all cheeses manufactured with animal rennet are haram or halal is genuinely a matter of debate among various Islamic scholars and groups.

It seems obvious that rennet derived from a pig’s stomach would be prohibited under any circumstances, but the picture becomes murkier outside of that.

One defense offered for halal cheese manufactured with animal rennet is that the finished cheese is halal since the rennet is practically eliminated from the milk once it separates into curds and whey.

In a passage of the Quran, the Prophet Muhammad requests and receives cheese, which some scholars take to suggest that it is halal.

This is another reason in favor of the position. Some Muslims consume any cheese that is offered, while others absolutely shun it.

In a broad sense, the Arabic word “halal,” which means “lawful,” designates anything that is acceptable by Islamic law.

Commercially available halal cheese has been certified to contain only authorized ingredients. Microbial enzymes or enzymes derived from plants are used in these kinds of halal cheese to separate the milk.

As vegetarian cheese doesn’t require animal rennet, it is also halal. Kosher cheese can occasionally also be halal, depending on the ingredients specified on the label.

Can You Make Parmesan Cheese Without Rennet?

Finding Parmesan cheese that is rennet-free might be challenging. Rennet, a substance that may be produced by either plants or animals, is frequently used to produce foods with a thick, creamy texture.

If the rennet used to make Parmesan cheese comes from an animal that was killed in accordance with Islamic Shari’ah law, it is acceptable to eat.

According to Islamic law, it is forbidden to eat cheese that was produced using rennet from a living animal. Such cheese is regarded as impure and therefore should be avoided.

Did you know that it’s quite probable that the Parmesan cheese you buy at the shop was produced with animal rennet?

Nonetheless, some bold firms today have ventured to question age-old Italian production methods.

They are upending the market and announcing that Halal Parmesan is doable!

The cunning cheese producers discovered a method to replace animal rennet with more contemporary options like microbial rennet and plant-based rennet.

This rennet is more contemporary and environmentally friendly because it is made from advantageous bacteria, mold, and fungi.

Artichoke, cardoon thistle, and fig leaves may be used as sources for vegetarian and halal rennet, which is a wonderfully inventive technique to guarantee that Parmesan cheese is Halal.

Given that certain producers employ plant- or microorganism-based rennet in their production processes, parmesan cheese may be halal.

Determining if the rennet in a certain variety of parmesan cheese comes from a Halal source might be challenging.

Customers may, however, determine whether the cheese of their choice is Halal or not by doing some research.

Tips For Consuming Halal Food

No matter what food you choose, if you want to make sure it is Halal, follow these tips:

  • Check for badges or markings with halal certification on the packaging

These certificates prove that the food was grown and prepared in accordance with Islamic dietary regulations.

  • Avoid Haram Compounds

Be aware of the haram elements, such as alcohol, pork, and specific kinds of meat and meat byproducts, that are frequently found in food items.

To be sure that certain components are not present, thoroughly read food labels.

  • Ask Questions

Don’t be afraid to ask about the ingredients and cooking techniques used while eating out or buying food from a non-halal-certified source.

Whenever in doubt, choose vegetarian choices because they are typically regarded as halal.

  • Cook at Home

Cooking at home can give you greater control over the ingredients and methods of preparation, ensuring that the food you eat is halal.

  • Check Halal Restaurants

Find halal restaurants and patronize them by eating there or getting takeout since these businesses are dedicated to offering halal meal alternatives.

  • Educate Yourself

In order to make wise choices regarding the food you eat, you should educate yourself on the fundamentals of Islamic dietary law as well as the distinctions between halal and haram substances.

Differences between Halal and Haram

The Quran and Sunnah, as well as the words and deeds of Prophet Muhammad, serve as the foundation for the concepts of halal and haram (peace be upon him).

While the Sunnah offers more detailed instructions on how to prepare and consume food and other items, the Quran describes the broad principles of what is halal and haram.

The concepts of halal and haram are fundamental to Muslim communities all over the world, influencing not just food customs but also social standards, cultural heritage, and religious identity.

Anybody interested in learning more about Islamic dietary restrictions as well as the principles of halal and haram must thus comprehend these concepts.

Islamic dietary laws heavily rely on the ideas of halal and haram.

The distinctions between halal and haram are as follows:

The term “halal” refers to foods and other goods that are allowed under Islamic dietary regulations. Halal food preparation and processing must adhere to a set of rules that include the use of quality ingredients and a set of rules for the slaughter of animal products.

Foods and other goods that are prohibited by Islamic dietary regulations are referred to as haram. Pork, wine, and any meat products that aren’t processed in accordance with strict regulations, such as those that aren’t killed in a halal way, are all considered haram meals.

The terms “halal” and “haram” describe what is allowed and “forbidden” in terms of Islamic dietary regulations.

In Islam, eating halal food is viewed as a virtue, but eating haram food is viewed as sinful and may have spiritual repercussions.

Halal is connected to moral eating habits and treating animals with respect, whereas haram is connected to immoral behaviors like animal abuse and exploitation.

The terms halal and haram are crucial to understanding Islamic dietary requirements, but they also have wider cultural and social meaning that reflects the principles and values of Muslim communities.


Parmesan cheese’s status as halal or haram in Islam is a complicated matter that has been the subject of various interpretations and points of view among academics and Islamic organizations.

While some contend that parmesan cheese is prohibited from consumption because it contains animal rennet, others think it could be OK provided the animal rennet used is sourced from halal sources.

The choice to eat Parmesan cheese or not is ultimately an individual one that should be founded on a person’s comprehension of Islamic dietary requirements as well as their own values and views.

Muslims should be constantly aware of the ingredients in the foods they consume and aim to make educated decisions that are consistent with their religious beliefs and values.

It is crucial to note that there are several different forms of cheese that are manufactured without using animal rennet and are declared halal.

Read also: Is Mozzarella Cheese Halal? / Is Butter Halal?

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